Department of Justice (Civil Rights Division) and Freddie Mac, both of which have expressed support for the reasonableness of our approach and findings. Delaware Valley Community Reinvestment Fund DVCRF Ventures Collaborative Lending Initiative Enterprise Investment Fund Sustainable Development Fund 227 capture the essence of the equity lost to homeowners over a period of time, we Utah borrow money online needed to find a database that offers an opportunity to examine the sale and lien histories of properties. From these property histories, our strategy for identifying indicators of predatory lending necessitates a careful review of each and every property for which multiple factors are coded to reflect the nature of the lien history and patterns we believe to be predatory. Our control sample has approximately 450 residential properties drawn from all areas of the City of Philadelphia.
Other samples consist of all the residential properties in selected Philadelphia Census tracts. These tracts were chosen for in-depth analysis because they represented an array of potential vulnerability - per our classification. These data sets will ultimately provide the statistical basis upon which we intend to conclusively estimate the nature and extent of predatory lending across the City of Philadelphia. The phrase potential vulnerability requires some explanation.
Accordingly, we identified areas in the City of Philadelphia that had lower housing values, higher percentages of homeowners aged 55 and above, and higher percentages of homes owned free-and- clear.
While we observe an undeniable spatial relationship between predatory lending and the racial composition of areas, we do not yet feel that we have sufficient data to identify race as is a causal factor. An Evolving Understanding Iowa quick loans of the Problem: Our analysis shows that there are areas of the City of Philadelphia that have historically had vastly different access to mainstream financial institutions. Through our interviews we recognize that these areas are home to people whose familiarity and experience with mainstream financial institutions is severely limited. For many of the people residing in these communities, the majority of whom are of modest means, situational needs for credit have been filled by finance and consumer discount companies rather than banks or credit unions. Federal legislation, titled the Depository Institutions Deregulation and Monetary Control Act of 1980, exempted financial institutions from State usury laws if first lien positions were taken against a property. However, for others the substitution of short-term debt with long-term debt was economically irrational.
Many lower income people do not itemize deductions on their tax returns and so the benefit is lost 229 get small amounts of cash. This conservative assessment of risk meant that the credit needs of those whose credit was flawed went unfulfilled. In the sub-prime market, the price a borrower paid was ostensibly commensurate with risk. While the mainstream financial institutions focused their activity on low-risk borrowers, sub-prime lenders were making credit available where it was not plentiful before by charging more to risky borrowers. The argument was (and remains), that although sub-prime loans were more costly, the alternative was no loans at all. Sub-prime lenders tend to be non-depository and thus are largely un- or under- regulated. By this we mean that unlike national banks, for example, that receive routine safety and soundness (and CRA) reviews, these lenders operate without the sort of financial oversight that would tend to catch or limit abusive and fraudulent practices. It is our conclusion that many economically irrational loans are made because of Utah borrow money online those involved in the transaction - except for the borrower and the ultimate holder of the note - none truly have a stake in the outcome of that transaction.
Lending in the sub-prime world is an extraordinarily fragmented process.
Thus, if loans go into default or foreclosure, while the borrower and note holder may suffer a consequence, neither the lender nor the broker or anyone else in the Utah borrow money online no credit check loans Texas process suffers a loss. In an interview with an appraiser we were told that there is constant pressure on appraisers to inflate values. One lender expressed the pressure of competing interests of meeting lending quotas versus quality control of applications. Anthony Pennington-Cross, Anthony Yezer and Joseph Nichols. There is little chance that the State Banking Commission will effectively enforce the Mortgage Bankers and Brokers Act. This reality is not lost on brokers acting outside the parameters of that law. It is however a problem when you exploit a vulnerability to sell a damaging, inappropriate financial product. One of the strategies for marketing described to us involved obtaining lists of names of potential borrowers from an internet market research firm. A database of names of individuals who meet certain criteria (e. These names can then be cross-checked against the same data we are using to examine lien history to see who had existing sub-prime or consumer discount loans. The ability to query the publicly available databases by lender name makes purchasing lists of homeowners redundant for many brokers. In fact, a former consumer finance lender described how his customers were target marketed by predatory brokers, ultimately putting him instant loans Iowa out of business. In short, because of the fragmentation of the lending and loan funding process, the lax regulatory environment within which many of the actors operate, the push to get the money on the street, pent up demand for credit, and unsophisticated borrowers, predatory lending as we know it was bom and flourishes.
With this as background, we are able to cautiously project that there are areas in the City of Philadelphia where predatory lending is essentially non-existent.
They are also recommending continuing education classes and some self-policing powers.
We are also studying foreclosure and Sheriff Sales for linkage to predatory lending.
And finally, we will be extending our work to areas beyond the City of Philadelphia.
Programmatically, on an initial pilot basis, TRF is going to be making its own capital available to individuals who have been exploited in predatory transactions. This program is a partnership between TRF, Community Legal Services, Inc. TRF as a highly respected member of the CDFI community prides itself on being able to conduct high quality public policy research that intersects with our poverty alleviation mission.
In this instance we view developing and communicating a better understanding of predatory lending as supportive of that mission. TRF supports your attempts to broaden the coverage of the HOEPA and tighten its triggers. We also support the attempt to outlaw certain products and practices mentioned in your bill that oftentimes are found in what we might all agree are predatory loans. TRF would also support an expansion of the HMD A to include a larger universe of lenders and information reported so as to facilitate public monitoring of the sub-prime market. To the extent that we can provide additional assistance to you and the other members of the committee, please do not hesitate to call upon us.